NASA RETURNS TO THE MOON
As part of its Artemis program, the U.S.'s National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) has selected several Moon landing partners whose goal is to deliver science and technology payloads under its Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) program. These unmanned missions pave the way for the eventual return of astronauts to the Moon.
The Lunar Codex leverages this as a client to third-party commercial payload providers to the NASA CLPS partners. We are not primary payloads or direct clients of NASA CLPS companies - we rideshare with their clients onboard the landers. We are what are considered secondary payloads.
Lunar Codex files were onboard on the Artemis 1 mission to orbit the Moon and return to Earth from November 16 to December 11, 2022.
Lunar Codex files are now on a MoonPod onboard the lunar lander for Astrobotic Peregrine Mission 1 (PM1) to Oceanus Procellarum. It is scheduled for launch Jan 8-12, 2024.
Lunar Codex files are now being integrated with the NASA CLPS-2 Mission 1 (XM1) lander, scheduled for launch to the southern hemisphere of the Moon in mid-February 2024.
Lunar Codex files are now being integrated with a partner time capsule for forwarding the the NASA CLPS-TO-19D 1 (FM1) lander, scheduled for launch to the southern hemisphere of the Moon in mid-2024.
Finally, the Lunar Codex has, through partners, reserved payload space with Astrobotic for the 2024 Griffin/VIPER mission (GM1) to the Lunar South Pole, to be launched via SpaceX around Nov 2024.
All Lunar Codex time capsules are made possible through our partnerships with specific primary payload partners of the NASA CLPS lunar lander companies. Those partners include DHL Moonbox, Galactic Legacy Labs / Lunaprise, and LifeShip.
Codex-carrying launches are scheduled over 2022-2024. The Artemis 1 mission is a non-archival mission from perspective of the Lunar Codex project, orbiting the Moon and returning to Earth.
Astrobotic Peregrine Lunar Lander
The Peregrine Lunar Lander is a 4-legged vessel 1.9 m high and 2.5 m across, made of aluminum panels and mounting surfaces, with a total mass of 70 kg.
Propulsion is by 5 thrusters at the bottom of the lander, complemented by 4 sets of 3 attitude-control thrusters to maintain orientation. The lander is powered by solar cells at the top of the lander, with energy storage using lithium-ion batteries.
The lander can carry 90 kg of payload, and will carry both scientific payloads such as those from NASA, and commercial payloads including the Lunar Codex's Peregrine archive.
Peregrine is scheduled for launch via United Launch Alliance (ULA) Vulcan Centaur from Cape Canaveral, Florida, targeting the Gruithuisen Domes area near Sinus Viscotatis and Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon, with a launch no earlier than (NET) December 24, 2023, and an estimated landing on January 25, 2024.
NASA CLPS-2 Lunar Lander
More information on the NASA CLPS-2 Lunar Lander that Lunar Codex materials are onboard will be forthcoming.
The lander is expected to cerry several hundred kg of payload to the surface, and will include several NASA scientific payloads and other commercial cargo, including the Lunar Codex time capsule images in the Νουα collection.
The mission is scheduled for launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a SpaceX launch platform, in early 2024, destination in the southern hemispheric region of the Moon.
NASA CLPS-TO-19D Lunar Lander
More information on the NASA CLPS-TO-19D Lunar Lander that Lunar Codex materials are onboard will be forthcoming.
The lander is expected to cerry several hundred kg of payload to the surface, and will include several NASA scientific payloads and other commercial cargo, including the Lunar Codex time capsule images in the Serenity collection.
The mission is scheduled for launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a SpaceX launch platform, in the middle of 2024, destination in the southern hemispheric region of the Moon.
Astrobotic Griffin Lunar Lander
The Griffin lander is targeted to land at in a region of interest in the Nobile Crater in the south polar region of the Moon in November 2024.
The spacecraft is expected to operate for 100 days after its landing. NASA's VIPER will be the main payload, shown here on the larger Griffin lander.
VIPER will investigate permanently shadowed regions of craters located in the Moon’s South Pole, specifically for potential deposits of water ice that could be used as resources for future crewed missions.
Other commercial payloads are onboard the Griffin lander, including the Lunar Codex's Polaris archive of contemporary culture as one of the sub-payloads of Astrobotics' commercial payload initiative.
Official mission patches have been released for the Astrobotics Peregrine mission (PM-1), and the NASA CLPS-2 mission (XM-1). An official mission patch for the NASA CLPS-TO-19D mission (FM-1) and the Astrobotics Griffin mission (GM-1) has yet to be released.
A Note on Artemis I, Orion, and the Lunar Codex
On November 16, 2022, the first mission in the Artemis program launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, and returned to Earth on December 11, 2022.
The Artemis 1 mission saw first use of NASA's Space Launch System heavy-lift rocket and the Orion spacecraft, and is the vanguard for the later Peregrine, NASA CLPS-X, and Griffin/VIPER missions - and ultimately for Artemis 3, the mission that will put the first woman on the Moon.
In the Artemis 1 mission, the un-crewed Orion spacecraft will be launched, orbit the Moon, and then return to Earth.
Along with scientific and educational payloads, Orion will be carrying a flash drive carrying 3.3M names commemorating people from Earth. In the same file is the Lunar Codex-associated work Three Faces of the Moon. Orion will cruise into lunar orbit and back to Earth.
Because the spacecraft does not land on the Moon, the poems as carried by Orion are not part of the Lunar Codex archives. However, the poems will be re-launched and preserved as part of the Polaris archive on the 2024 Griffin mission.
The original poems returned to Earth - a prelude, like Orion, to the actual lunar landings.